Local Safeguarding Children Boards
The Children Act 2004 led to the establishment of Local Safeguarding Children Boards (LSCB's) replacing 'Area Child Protection Committees'.
The core duty of an LSCB is to ensure that there are adequate arrangements in place across agencies to protect children from harm. There are also obligations placed upon LSCBs to ensure that the welfare of children is promoted.
All local and national safeguarding arrangements should be aligned with Working Together to Safeguard Children 2015.
Statutory objectives and functions of LSCBs
The core functions of an LSCB are set out within 'The Local Safeguarding Children Boards Regulations, 2005'. They range from the development of policies and procedures for safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children to communication and awareness raising and to monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of safeguarding work within the local authority area. LSCB's also have a responsibility to carry out reviews of serious cases and, from April 2008, to have in place systems for responding to and analysing unexpected deaths of children.
Section 14 of the Children Act 2004 sets out the objectives of LSCBs, which are:
- to coordinate what is done by each person or body represented on the Board for the purposes of safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children in the area; and
- to ensure the effectiveness of what is done by each such person or body for those purposes.
Regulation 5 of the Local Safeguarding Children Boards Regulations 2006 sets out that the functions of the LSCB in relation to the above objectives under section 14 of the Children Act 2004, are as follows:
- (a) developing policies and procedures for safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children in the area of the authority, including policies and procedures in relation to:
- the action to be taken where there are concerns about a child's safety or welfare, including thresholds for intervention;
- training of persons who work with children or in services affecting the safety and welfare of children;
- recruitment and supervision of persons who work with children;
- investigation of allegations concerning persons who work with children;
- cooperation with neighbouring children's services authorities and their Board partners;
- communicating to persons and bodies in the area of the authority the need to safeguard and promote the welfare of children, raising their awareness of how this can best be done and encouraging them to do so;
- monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of what is done by the authority and their Board partners individually and collectively to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and advising them on ways to improve;
- participating in the planning of services for children in the area of the authority; and
- undertaking reviews of serious cases and advising the authority and their Board partners on lessons to be learned.
Regulation 5 (2) which relates to the LSCB Serious Case Reviews function and regulation 6 which relates to the LSCB Child Death functions are covered in chapter 4 of this guidance.
Regulation 5 (3) provides that an LSCB may also engage in any other activity that facilitates, or is conducive to, the achievement of its objectives.